Richtsnoeren i.v.m. ondernemingen en mensenrechten

Waar kan ik deze richtlijnen vinden?

Deze pagina bevat twee soorten bronnen. Ten eerste de bronnen die op de vorige pagina’s ("wat?", "waarom?" en "hoe?”) expliciet worden vermeld, met de bijbehorende hyperlinks voor verdere raadpleging. Ze zijn gerangschikt naar de instelling die ze heeft vrijgegeven. Ten tweede is er een bibliografie met geraadpleegde bronnen die gebruikt werd om het instrument op te stellen. Deze bibliografie kan nuttig zijn voor de gebruiker voor nader onderzoek over het onderwerp.

Zacht recht van de staat (Federaal en regionaal niveau)

Nationaal actieplan voor ondernemingen en mensenrechten (2017)

Internationaal MVO-handboek - begin met de VN-doelstellingen voor duurzame ontwikkeling om de strategie van uw bedrijf te versterken

Responsabilité sociale des entreprises - Wallonie

Verantwoord ondernemen Brussel hoofdstad

Brochure gepubliceerd door het Federaal Instituut voor Duurzame Ontwikkeling (FIDO/IFDDD) (2017)

Verenigde Naties (VN)
Algemene opmerkingen

UN Committee on the Rights of the Child General Comment 16/2013 on State obligations regarding the impact of the business sector on children’s rights CRC/C/GC/16
UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights General comment 24/2017 on State obligations under the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in the context of business activities E/C.12/GC/24

Algemene richtlijnen

Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights Implementing the United Nations “Protect, Respect and Remedy” Framework, (2011) Resolution 17/4/2011
UN OHCHC (2012): The Corporate Responsibility to Respect Human Rights: An Interpretive Guide. HR/PUB/12/02
Guiding Principles on Human Rights Impact Assessments of Trade and Investment Agreements, (2011) (A/HRC/19/59/Add.5).
The UNGP for Responsible Contracts for State-Investor Contracts (2015) UN A/HRC/17/31/Add.3

VN Bescherming van Minderheden

The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples UN Resolution 1/2 of 29/6/ 2006,1
The Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities General Assembly resolution 47/135 of 18/12/1992

VN Global Compact

UN Global Compact’s Ten Principles (1999)

The Principles for Responsible Investment (PRI) initiative

Guide to Human Rights Impact Assessment and Management

Guide to Develop a Human Rights Policy (2015)

PRI and UN Global Compact: Guidance on Responsible Business in Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas (2010)

Shift, Oxfam and Global Compact Network Netherlands, “Doing Business with Respect for Human Rights: A Guidance Tool for Companies”  2016 And online version

The CEO Water Mandate.

Guide To Corporate Sustainability Shaping a Sustainable Future(2014)


Children’s Rights and Business Principles (UNICEF, UN Global Compact, Save the Children).


UNCTAD The Set of Multilaterally Agreed Equitable Principles and Rules for the Control of Restrictive Business Practices (A/RES/35/63 5); UN Doc TD/RBP/CONF/10/Rev.1 (1981).

Internationale Arbeidsorganisatie (IAO) 

The Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy  (MNE Declaration (1977, 2017)

The ILO Declaration of Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work  (1998)

The Declaration on Social Justice for a Fair Globalization  (2008)

The Global Job Pact (2009)

Milieu- en duurzame ontwikkeling

The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development (1992)

Agenda 21 - Global Programme of Action on Sustainable Development (1992)

Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (1972)

The Bejjing Declaration and Platform of Action (1995)

UN Millennium Declaration (2000)

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Rio + 20 Conference "The Future We Want"

A/RES/70/1 - Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (2015)

The Framework principles on human rights and the environment (2018): Special Rapporteur on the issue of human rights obligations relating to the enjoyment of a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment.

Wereldbank groep/ Internationale Financiële Instelling (IFC)

Environmental and Social Performance Standards (2012)

IFC Sustainability Policies and Standards

Het Internationaal Comité van het Rode Kruis

Guidance on the rights and obligations of business enterprises under international humanitarian law (2006)

Toolkit for Addressing Security and Human Rights Challenges in Complex Environments ( 2014)

Organisatie voor Economische Samenwerking en Ontwikkeling (OESO)

OECD Declaration and Decisions on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises (1976)

OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises (2011)

Raad van Europa (RvE)

CoE (2016) Recommendation CM/Rec(2016)3 of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on human rights and business and its Explanatory Memorandum.

CoE/Greta (2016) Compendium of good practices on the implementation of the Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings.

Europese Unie (EU)

Tips and Tricks for Advisors Corporate Social Responsibility for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (2013)

My business and human rights (2015)

The  "EU anti-trafficking action 2012-2016” :

The Guidelines for the identification  of victims of  trafficking in  human beings  

The EU rights  of victims of trafficking in human beings

Series of Information sheets and fact sheets on the Environment policy areas

The Multi-Annual Work Programme (MAWP) 2017 – 2020 'Making the Environmental Liability Directive more fit for purpose'

Niet-statelijke richtlijnen

Amnesty International’s Human Rights principles for companies

The Multinationals and Conflict International principles and guidelines for corporate responsibility in conflict-affected areas

How to use the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights in company research and advocacy

The Corporate Responsibility Instruments

Engaging the private sector to end human trafficking: a new resource guide for NGOs.

The Oxfam perspective on the UN Guiding Principles

“Doing Business with Respect for Human Rights: A Guidance Tool for Companies” www.businessrespecthumanrights.org

The International Trade Union Confederation, Industrial Global Union, UNI Global Union and the Clean Clothes Campaign: “The UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights" and the human right of workers to form or join trade unions and to bargain collectively”.

International Bar Association on Business and Human Rights Guidelines 2016

  • Addo, M. K. (2014). The reality of the United Nations guiding principles on business and human rights. Human Rights Law Review14(1), 133-147.
  • Boyd, D. R. (2012). The constitutional right to a healthy environment. Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development54(4), 3-15.
  • Braithwaite J(2011) “The essence of Responsive Regulation” UBC Law Review 44 Heinonline P 475-520.
  • Chinkin, C. M. (1989). The challenge of soft law: development and change in international law. International & Comparative Law Quarterly38(4), 850-866.
  • Commission on Transnational Corporations, Report on the Special Session (7-18 March and 9-21 May 1983). Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1983, Supplement No. 7 (E/1983/17/Rev. 1), Annex II. And United Nations Centre on Transnational Corporations (1986). The United Nations Code of Conduct on Transnational Corporations, Current Studies, Series A (New York: United Nations) United Nations publication sales No. E.86.II.A.15, (ST/CTC/SER.A/4), Annex I, pp.28-45
  • Crawford, A. (2006). Networked governance and the post-regulatory state? Steering, rowing and anchoring the provision of policing and security. Theoretical criminology10(4), 449-479.
  • De Schutter, O., Ramasastry, A., Taylor, M. B., & Thompson, R. C. (2012). Human Rights Due Diligence: The Role of States. Human Rights in Business. http://humanrightsinbusiness. eu/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/De-Schutter-et-al.-Human-Rights-Due-Diligence-The-Role-of-States. pdf.
  • Fenwick, M., Van Uytsel, S., & Wrbka, S. (Eds.). (2014). Networked governance, transnational business and the law. Heidelberg: Springer.
  • Guzman, A. T., & Meyer, T. L. (2010). International soft law. Journal of Legal Analysis2(1), 171-225.
  • Kirton, J. J., & Trebilcock, M. J. (2017). Hard choices, soft law: Voluntary standards in global trade, environment and social governance. Routledge.
  • Lizarazo Rodriguez, L. (2017). UNGP on business and human rights in Belgium: state-based judicial mechanisms and state-based nonjudicial grievance mechanisms, with special emphasis on the barriers to access to remedy measures.
  • Nolan, J. (2013). The Corporate Responsibility to Respect Rights: Soft Law or Not Law?
  • Ruggie, J. G. (2007). Business and human rights: the evolving international agenda. American Journal of International Law, 101(4), 819-840.
  • Sauvant, K. P. (2015). The negotiations of the United Nations code of conduct on transnational corporations: experience and lessons learned. The Journal of World Investment & Trade, 16(1), 11-87.
  • Shaffer, G., & Pollack, M. A. (2012). Hard and soft law: what have we learned?
  • Teubner, G. (2011). Self-Constitutionalizing TNCs? On the Linkage of “Private” and “Public” Corporate Codes of Conduct. Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies18(2), 617-638.
  • Weissbrodt, D., & Kruger, M. (2003). Norms on the responsibilities of transnational corporations and other business enterprises with regard to human rights. American journal of international law97(4), 901-922.